Responsible public Governance : an authentic and universal alternative for more efficient human and ethical public services
Dr. Stéphane Monney Mouandjo GD. CAFRAD Yaoundé May 2017


What governance and what strategies should be put in place for the optimal attainment of the Sustainable Development Goals in a context of multiform tensions and upheavals at the international level?

  1. Context and justification

The current transformations of the world, the international relations and the increasingly important role of information and communication technologies have given rise to many changes, both in the forms of thoughts and in the ways in which societies are organized. These profound changes have also substantially influenced interpersonal relationships, which have been incidentally reflected in the relationship with institutions, their conception, as well as in the form of their expression in a particularly changing environment.

The context of globalization has not been spared either. Besides, it suffered a strong pressure. This pressure is based, in particular, on a double tension simultaneously integrating an exponential mixing of populations and cultures and the growing demand for various identities, as if to show that globalization, by itself, cannot alienate identities in a profound manner. It seems, however, that at the same time that it should generate a new form or forms of identities, it should not, abruptly, take in the wrong way the old structures and cultures.

In this duality, it appears, as much the acceptance or the aspiration to a new and strongly integrated world, as the joint rejection of the disappearance of the identities, beyond the need and the pressure, also necessary, that exerts the development of science and technology.

In the same way, it seems strangely to develop, in a fast way, the commercial exchanges, as they are facilitated the transactions and the aspiration, more than legitimate, of populations and peoples, to a greater emancipation, to the well-being and quality of life.

These developments are, in effect, the consequence of the opportunities that are available today, despite the new dysfunctions and hungers, generated by the profusion of information, now more easily available and more accessible than in the past. The resulting tensions and convulsions are therefore understandable and justified in some respects. They translate or express the beginning of a transition between an old world, arrived at its peak and which, seems, quite naturally, to begin its declining phase, and a new world, whose premises, seem to dawn at the horizon, not only with their lots of hopes, expectations, but also legitimate fears, for those who, once again, appeared as the guarantors of this order in the process of obsolescence.

These developments also reflect the apprehensions of those for whom the charge of the conduct of this story, in full construction, will generate a reorientation of strategies and make open new responsibilities and the imperative to build a new thought, to lead, structure, inspire and even determine the nature and the future of this new world.
It is from these considerations that derives the contribution, now indispensable, for the redefinition of strategies and practices that are more inclusive and closer to current aspirations, built around what is today known as the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG).

These objectives, recently adopted by the United Nations and which have emerged as a more relevant alternative to the Millennium Development Goals, constitute or must now constitute the path towards which the desired governance should be directed. This is why, unlike the others, they claim to be more inclusive and shared by all the peoples of the Space-World.

The question of the transformation of governance thus appears as a major imperative. It is up to it to define, guide and implement the necessary and more relevant strategies for the operationalization of these objectives, the ambition of which is, moreover, to reconcile global aspirations with local expectations.

Transforming governance thus becomes an indispensable step, because through this approach, we will be able, henceforth, to allow the mechanisms of organization and functioning of institutions and structures of production of thought, material and immaterial wealth to contribute to the construction of this new mode of operation of public and private bodies as well as governmental and non-governmental associative institutions.

But the question that must be answered, once these prerequisites are accepted, will be that of knowing how to achieve it in such a heterogeneous environment, in which are intermingled particularly varied considerations. In the same way, will it be necessary to wonder about the point of knowing, how to avoid that the answers proposed, do not move away from taking this complexity, nevertheless essential, into account to the establishment of effective and sustainable solutions.

The transformation of governance, far from being only a proposal for discussion, becomes, from then on, subject of multiform interest. It will make it possible to build one or more new and innovative perspectives, likely to give an account, but especially to meet, in particular, to the more and more urgent and moreover legitimate expectations of the populations and peoples of Africa.

It will also make it possible to rethink the habits and traditions, hitherto in force, to evaluate the relevance and the current opportunity thereof, and to propose new avenues.

It would thus make it possible to offer reading grids likely to be closer to the reality of the complexity of the contemporary world. Grids of reading which, above all, would facilitate the meeting among different peoples, different cultures, and different relations to the world, in an impetus of pursuit of interests and shared values, and essential for their sustainability as well as their durability.

  1. Objectives

The objective of this meeting is, among other things, to allow an exchange of expertise and to create a synergy of thoughts and actions, amongst the different perceptions and perspectives of the idea of ''governance'', in its current meaning and in what it should become in the different national, regional and global institutions.

The second objective is to propose avenues of reflection that are likely to reinforce the emergence of a governance that transcends artificial and abstract considerations, in order to find, in their operationalization, forms that are both relevant, realistic and rational, capable of accompanying the current dynamics, at the national, regional and universal levels.

The third is to propose to the community of researchers, thinkers and decision-makers, both public and private, to agree on one or more new and more unifying concepts, capable of generating a model of governance, which takes into account the particular character of this period of history, the current trajectories of societies, the aspirations and human values of today, the contemporary dynamics of citizenship and scientific, ethical and technological developments, as well as those related to all the problems and opportunities they secrete, by imagining the strategies and means that can anticipate the risks that might ensue.
Finally, the fourth objective is to facilitate one or more new forms of cooperation among different institutions, likely to accompany the current transformations and changes in this specific field or in related fields.

  1. Topics for discussion
  1. The general considerations around the idea of governance and the issue of responsibility in the implementation of the SDGs;
  2. The relevance and timeliness of "Good governance" in the face of contemporary political and economic dynamics in the light of the pursuit of the SDGs;
  3. Democratic responsible governance in the face of cultural and contextual diversities for an optimization of the SDGs;
  4. The issue of Governance and security precariousness between a preventive and reactive approach in the effective implementation of the SDGs;
  5. Globalization of governance and the role of local communities in the implementation of the SDGs;
  6. The transformation of Governance through the Information and Communication Technologies in the context of the SDGs;
  7. Security governance and the role of regional organizations in supporting SDG implementation strategies;
  8. Governance of education and training in constructing new identities, sharing values and strengthening international cooperation in the operationalization of the SDGs;
  9. Gender issues and Responsible Governance issues in the implementation of the SDGs;
  10. Responsible Public Governance: the trajectory towards an effective and human cross-sectoral governance with a view to achieving the SDGs;
  11. The roles of institutional reforms in strengthening and implementing Responsible Governance in the light of the SDGs;
  12. Sharing values as a strategy of inclusion and participation in the implementation of the SDGs.
  1. Target audiences

The forum is organized within the framework of CAFRAD's Annual Ministerial Forum on the Modernization of Public Administration and Governance in African Countries. It is a high-level political and strategic forum for Ministers and their senior officials. They include:

  • Ministers in charge of Public Service, Labor, Administrative and State Reform, including their advisers (and Directors) in charge of reform and innovation;
  • Ministers in charge of Governance, Planning and Policy Development;
  • Presidents of National Commissions in charge of Public Administration, Governance and State Reform;
  • Directors General of National Schools and Institutes of Public Administration;
  • Special Advisers in the offices of the Prime Minister and the Presidency, in charge of Planning, Innovation and Governance;
  • Representatives of Partner Institutions involved in the forum issues.
  1. Expected results

Considering the various issues that will be discussed during the sessions, the aim is especially to give Africa a new energy for building its governance based on "shared values" and compatible with the international standards. The meeting will also help to improve performance in the public administrations of African countries. Ultimately, strategies will need to be put in place, including the use of Responsible Governance and the evolution of ICTs to achieve the SDGs targeted by States at the international level.

  1. Resource persons

The proceedings will be conducted under the guidance of experienced people who will restore the issue of responsible governance and the rule of law, within the framework of a theoretical and contextual questioning. They will facilitate the debates, give the floor and direct the discussions, towards the construction of a strategy intended to establish a real synergy, centered on the objective of responsible governance and that of sustainable development.

  1. Methodology and procedure

The proceedings will take place in plenary session. Each presentation will be presented as a Word and Power Point document. 

Date:               21 June 2018
Venue:            Marrakesh (Morocco).
Languages:    Proceedings of the forum will be conducted in Arabic, English, French, Portuguese and Spanish